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Citroën 2CV 4×4-Voisin-1978
Citroën’s easily adaptable 2CV seemed to be a good starting point for French engineer Marc Voisin to create a true four-wheel drive offering. While the earlier 2CV Sahara had an engine in the front and an engine in the rear to create four-wheel drive, the Voisin 2CVs have just one engine with an additional transaxle coupled to the rear wheels. Utilizing a transfer case, the rear wheels may be engaged on demand, operating more like a traditional four-wheel drive system.
Voisin claims this set up only adds 100 lbs. (45 kg) to the weight of the car. The stock 2CV6 suspension travel is a healthy 13.4 inches (340mm); coupled with the 2CV’s light weight, this 4X4 is less likely than a modern truck-based SUV to get stuck in soft ground. Voisin also claims he has never sold replacement parts because his conversions have simply never broken. Marc says that “planned obsolescence is an infamous dishonesty”.
Manufacturer: Andrè Citroën, Ingénieur-Constructeur (donor car); Voisin (conversion)
Country of Origin: France
Drivetrain Configuration: Front-engine, front wheel drive or on-demand four-wheel drive
Engine: 602cc, two-cylinder, air-cooled, 29hp
Transmission: 4 speed manual
Top Speed: 59 mph
Years of Production: 1981-present
Number produced: 680