The Fiat Panda has proven to be a very popular city car; over the course of three generations, more than 9.5 million have been sold. The second-generation Panda seen here, known as the Nuova (New) Panda, was designed largely by Bertone.
Danish-born American automotive designer Henrik Fisker is best known for designing luxury cars such the BMW Z8, the Aston Martin DB9, and the Aston Martin V8 Vantage. The Fisker Karma began production in July 2011 as the world’s first luxury Plug-in Hybrid-Electric Vehicle.
When Henry Ford introduced his new low-priced Model T in 1908, he could not have conceived what impact the humble “T” would have on the world. By making cars available to the masses, this newfound mobility would soon alter American’s living patterns, their landscape, their leisure time, and even their air.
While a young man, Henry Ford took a job with the Edison Illuminating Company in Detroit, Michigan. While serving as Edison’s chief engineer, Ford began building his first car. Like other car makers of his day, he had no ready-made components with which to work.
In 1987, FSM introduced the BIS variant of the 126p, which replaced the air-cooled, rear-mounted engine with a water-cooled, front-mounted, flat-twin engine. The BIS was produced until 1991, when it was replaced by the model seen here, Fiat’s first front-wheel drive 500, the Cinquecento, under the FSM nameplate.
In 1945, industrialist, Henry J. Kaiser, along with veteran automobile executive Joseph Frazer started the automobile company Kaiser-Frazer. A year later he also formed Kaiser Aluminum and commissioned Rhys Miller and Frank Hershey to produce a portfolio of all-aluminum car designs to feature in promotional literature.
The first appearance of the Irat name was in 1914 but there is no record of car production until 1921. Building on the front-drive theme of their successful 6CV, Irat based the sporty 11CV on the driveline of Citroën’s 11CV, a two-liter saloon.
Générale de Mécanique et de Thermique (GMT) produced the Rivelaine from 1980 until 1983. The company only produced the Rivelaine in this two-seat microcar body style, with small displacement engines and automatic transmissions.
Bill Buckle of Sydney, Australia, was a distributor of the German Goggomobil in the late 1950s. In an effort to get away from the punishing import taxes imposed by Australia, he found it cheaper to import the chassis and then build his own fiberglass body.
Hans Glas and his son Andreas began producing scooters in their agricultural repair shop in Germany shortly after World War II. Their first product, the Goggo scooter, named for Hans’ youngest son, was an instant success as it met a demand for low-cost vehicles in the economically depressed country.
Borgward began in 1921, when German entrepreneur Carl F.W. Borgward established the Bremer Kuhlerfabrik Borgward & Co., an automotive radiator company in Bremen, Germany. A two-horsepower, three-wheeled courier motorcycle called the Blitzkarren or “Lightning Cart” was his first design.
Considering that Borgward, parent company of Goliath-Werke, was a pretty small player on the global automotive scene, the Goliath GP900e was quite an influential automobile, setting in place much of the design vocabulary seen to this day.