Fiat began in 1899 when the Societa Aninima Fabbrica Italiana di Automobili - Torino was formed and has been building cars for over 100 years. Many consider the most famous Fiat to be the 500 “Topolino.”
The Formula Monza series started in Italy in the late 1970s. It was a single seater racing class. The rules allowed for any motor less than 500cc. Also, the brakes and other driveline components had to be from a production car. This helped keep costs down.
The charter establishing Fiat was signed in 1899. A year later, the factory opened and produced 24 cars in the first year. By 1908, Fiat had expanded throughout Europe and the U.S. World War I began and production focused on supplying the army.
The principal derivative of the Fiat Nuevo 500 was the Autobianchi. A chic, upmarket product conceived in parallel with the Fiat 500, the Autobianchi firm was part-owned (and later fully-owned) by Pirelli and Fiat.
This car started life as a Fiat Cinquecento. You can find an early example of the Cinquecento–the Fiat 500--in the micro car area. As rallies are a very popular form of motorsports in Europe, most manufacturers offer “kits” to transform a production car into a rally car.
One year after the introduction of the Fiat 600, another version was introduced–possibly the first minivan–the Multipla (which means “all service”). This vehicle had three rows of seats for a total capacity of six people, the two rear pairs of seats could be folded into the floor, leaving a large flat loading area.
Introduced in July 1957, the successor for the “Topolino,” the “Nuova (which means “new”) 500" used a layout similar to that seen on the 600 with a rear mounted engine driving the rear wheels and independent suspension on all four wheels.
The Fiat X1/9 is a two-seater sports car designed by Bertone and built by Fiat. Intended to be the first affordable mid-engined sports car, the X1/9 is notable for its sharp styling and impeccable handling.
The first examples of this model, in 1950, had a wooden frame with alloy panels; the next step was an all-steel body. By 1957, the body was fiberglass, giving the Fuldamobil a more handsome appearance.